New guidelines on plant health rules for fresh citrus exported to the EU

The new “COLEACP Guidelines on Exporting Fresh Citrus from Africa, Madagascar, Cape Verde and Mauritius” has just been published.

This guide provides a clear explanation of what needs to be done in order to ensure that exports of Citrus sp. are in compliance with EU phytosanitary requirements. It details the information to be provided, and actions to be taken, at all stages from production to export by producers and exporters, as well as by the national authorities and inspection services. 

The document is divided into two parts. Part One provides details of the special measures required under the regulations for priority quarantine pests on citrus: Xanthomonas citri pv. aurantifolii and X. citri pv. citri (citrus canker), Pseudocercospora angolensis (citrus fruit and leaf spot), Phyllosticta citricarpa (citrus black spot), Tephritidae (non-European) (fruit fly), and Thaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth).

It describes the options that can be selected to ensure that exports are pest free, and gives a clear explanation on how to complete the phytosanitary certificate. Rules for these pests are strict, and correct completion of the certificate is essential to avoid administrative problems and potential destruction of shipments at EU border controls. 

Part Two of the document is a guideline for preparing a dossier for submission to the EU on management of false codling moth (Thaumatotibia leucotreta) and/or Tephritidae (non-European) (fruit fly) on citrus, according to Implementing Directive (EU) 2019/523. It gives a framework to guide the process of developing a national action plan and submitting a dossier to the EU, outlining the various elements that must be included. 

The guide has been prepared by COLEACP within the framework of the Fit For Market SPS programme. The elements it contains are not exhaustive or exclusive, and may or may not be relevant, depending on the situation in each country. The content of each national action plan and any dossier submitted to the EU remains the sole responsibility of the NPPO and industry stakeholders in the countries concerned, and references and links are given to the appropriate regulations and international standards (ISPMs). The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of COLEACP and can in no way be taken to reflect the official views of the European Union. 

This publication is part of a collection of COLEACP training tools, teaching aids and technical documents that are available online for COLEACP members.